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Four of his plays were honored with the Pulitzer Prize. His main concern was with the anguish and pain experienced by sensitive easily hurt or damaged people.
Eugene had two brothers, James, Jr. Edmund's death at a young age brought deep feelings of guilt into the family. Eugene spent his first seven years on tour with his parents. Although he received a lot of exposure to the theater, he hated living in hotel rooms, and the constant traveling drove his mother to become addicted to drugs.
From the age of seven to fourteen, O'Neill was educated at Catholic schools. When he rebelled against any further Catholic education, his parents sent him to Betts Academy in Connecticut. He also began to spend time with his brother, James, a heavy drinker, who "made sin easy for him.
By this time his three main interests were books, alcohol, and women. O'Neill left later that year to work at sea. He also did odd jobs in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Back in New York inhe spent several weeks drinking in bars before shipping out again to England. Almost half of his published plays show his interest in the sea.
In O'Neill's marriage broke up, he tried to kill himself, and he developed tuberculosis a disease of the lungs. By the time he was released from the hospital in Junehe had decided to become a dramatist. O'Neill began to write constantly. With his father's aid, five of his one-act plays were published in O'Neill planned to return to Harvard in the fall of but ended up instead at the "Hell Hole," a hotel and bar in New York City, where he drank heavily and produced nothing.
He next joined the Provincetown Players in Cape Cod, Massachusetts, whose productions of his plays about the sea, including Bound East for Cardiff, made him well known by Also in O'Neill married Agnes Boulton. They had a son, Shane, and a daughter, Oona.
His hard work led to great success with the production of his full-length Beyond the Horizonfor which he won his first Pulitzer Prize. The play is similar to the one-act form in its structure, but by adding a poetic and well-spoken character, O'Neill was able to reach high dramatic moments.
O'Neill's father, mother, and brother all died within a four-year span during the s. His marriage was also troubled, as he had fallen in love with Carlotta Monterey. He divorced Agnes Boulton in and soon married Carlotta. Even with these pressures, O'Neill was incredibly productive.
In the fifteen years following the appearance of Beyond the Horizon, he wrote twenty-one plays, some brilliant successes including Anna Christie and Strange Interlude, both Pulitzer Prize winners, as well as Desire Under the Elms, and Mourning Becomes Electra and others total failures. Later life Carlotta Monterey brought a sense of order to O'Neill's life.
His health worsened rapidly from on, but her care helped him remain productive. O'Neill had poor relationships with his children: O'Neill even left Shane and Oona out of his will.Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16, – November 27, ) was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature.
His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into U.S. drama techniques of realism earlier associated with Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and Swedish playwright August Strindberg.
Eugene O'Neill: Eugene O’Neill, foremost American dramatist and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in His masterpiece, Long Day’s Journey into Night (produced posthumously ), is at the apex of a long string of great plays, including Beyond the Horizon (), Anna Christie (), Strange Interlude.
Eugene O’Neill was one of the greatest playwrights in American history. Through his experimental and emotionally probing dramas, he addressed the difficulties of human society with a deep.
Area and out-of-town theater groups are embarking on a wide-ranging measure of the artistry of the playwright Eugene O’Neill, whose work forms the backbone of American .
Eugene O'Neill was an American playwright and Nobel Laureate in Literature. His autobiographic masterpiece, A Long Day's Journey Into Night is widely regarded as one of the greatest American plays of all time.
O’Neill was born in New York City in He had a challenging childhood and this was reflected in the tragic nature of his plays. O'Neill died as broken and tragic a figure as any he had created for the stage.
Assessment. O'Neill was the first American dramatist to regard the stage as a literary medium and the only American playwright ever to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature.