Adolescence peers

Kurhan Definition Sometimes referred to as teenage years, youth, or pubertyadolescence is the transitional period between childhood and maturity, occurring roughly between the ages of 10 and Description The word adolescence is Latin in origin, derived from the verb adolescere, which means "to grow into adulthood. There is no single event or boundary line that denotes the end of childhood or the beginning of adolescence.

Adolescence peers

This increased vulnerability and intimacy requires greater trust among peers. Thus, during the adolescent years, teen peer groups become increasingly important as teens experience more closeness in these friendships and more gratifying relationships with their peers as a result.

Teens now turn to one another, instead of their families, as their first line of support during times of worry or upset.

Adolescence peers

This increased reliance on friendships is yet another way that teens demonstrate their growing independence. Because acceptance by a peer group becomes so important, teens may modify their speech, dress, behavior, choices, and activities in order to become more similar to their peers.

This increased similarity among peers provides them a sense security and affirms their acceptance into their chosen peer group.

The developmental theorist, Erik Erickson, described this developmental step as a crisis of identity vs. When teens modify their choices or behavior in order to conform to what their friends are doing, they are answering to peer pressure.

Peer pressure is often associated with negative outcomes such as skipping school, wearing distasteful clothing, or alcohol and other drug use. However, many parents do not recognize that peer pressure can also exert a positive influence.

Because of advanced cognitive and emotional maturity, teens can now encourage each other to make wise decisions, and discourage each other from making harmful choices. Since it is important for youth to "fit in" with their peer group they may also decide to participate in the same hobbies or activities as their friends.

This enables them to spend more time together and to bond over shared experiences. In general, teens will gravitate toward peer groups with whom they share common interests and activities, similar cultural backgrounds, or simply a similar outlook on life.

But oftentimes, as teens experiment with their identitythey may be attracted to peer groups with very dissimilar interests. Adolescent peer groups are quite a bit different from the typical circle of friends that are characteristic of younger children.

For instance, adolescent peer groups are closer and more tightly knit. The increased vulnerability and emotional closeness of adolescent peer relationships require more trust; thus, there is a greater commitment and allegiance to their peer group.

Increased group cohesion also serves to create a sense of interpersonal safety and protection.

Peer group - Wikipedia

When youth have several good friends who remain loyal through "thick and thin," they feel more secure and confident in their social support system. However, the increased loyalty and cohesion that is characteristic of adolescent peer groups can lead to several problems, particularly in the early and middle adolescent years.

Cliques may form and some children will inevitably be excluded. This kind of rejection is often very painful, particularly for very sensitive children. Other times, groups of youth may be negatively labeled for their characteristics or interests, creating tension and conflict between groups.

For instance, many popular movies and television shows draw upon the classic conflict between the popular "jocks," and the unpopular "nerds" or "geeks. Another problem associated with adolescent peer groups is these groups can lead to bullying situations.

This may occur when there are disparate amounts of power between groups or between group members. Disparities in power may include physical, mental, social, or financial power. Research performed during the last decade has demonstrated that bullying behaviors are linked to serious and long-lasting emotional and behavioral problems for both the victims and perpetrators of bullying, including depressive symptoms and suicidality van der Wal, de Wit, Hirasing, ; Bond, Thomas, Rubin, Patton, By late adolescence peer groups may resemble a close-knit, second family and may provide youth with a large portion, if not most, of their emotional support.

This may be especially true if youth reside apart from their families because of school or work, or if youth have separated themselves from their biological families because of conflict or other problems. In summary, during adolescence the number of close friendships decline, but the quality of these relationships becomes more vulnerable, trusting, and intimate.Friends can influence an adolescent’s attitudes and behaviors in ways that matter across multiple domains of health and well-being, well into adulthood.

1 We often hear about this in the form of peer pressure, which refers more explicitly to the pressure adolescents feel from their friends or peer group to behave in certain ways, good or can take the . Parents' explanations of peer interactions affect how children interpret peers' behavior Date: June 19, Source: Society for Research in Child Development.

Peer Influences on Adolescent Risk Behavior Consistent with self-reports of lower resistance to peer influence among adolescents than adults (Steinberg & Monahan, ), observational data point to the role of peer influences as a primary contextual factor contributing to adolescents' heightened tendency to make risky decisions.

Adolescence is a time of change for most people.

Adolescence peers

In this lesson, we'll look at the changes that occur in adolescence, including why peer groups. For instance, adolescent peer groups are closer and more tightly knit. This increased group cohesion is due to the changing quality of teens' relationships.

The increased vulnerability and emotional closeness of adolescent peer relationships require more trust; thus, there is a . The word adolescence is Latin in origin, derived from the verb adolescere, which means "to grow into adulthood." Adolescence is a time of moving from the immaturity of childhood into the maturity of .

How important are peers to adolescents? | HowStuffWorks