About the project Share page Warning: This website includes images and names of deceased people that may cause sadness or distress to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. White Australia policy begins It had been among the first pieces of legislation introduced to the newly formed federal parliament.
This law was designed to prevent the diluting of… The Australian colonies had passed restrictive legislation as early as the s. Fear of military invasion by Japan, the threat to the standard of living that was thought to be presented by the cheap but efficient Asian labourers, and white racism were the principal factors behind the White Australia movement.
National Library of Australia The desire for a coordinated immigration bar against nonwhites was a spur in the s toward Australian federation. Thus, the act was among the first pieces of commonwealth legislation enacted. In the Immigration Restriction Act effectively ended all non-European immigration by providing for entrance examinations in European languages.
The essential clause of the act, rather than naming particular races or groups for exclusion, provided for a dictation test in a European language to be administered to prospective immigrants. Popular support for White Australia, always strong, was bolstered at the Paris Peace Conference in —20 when the Australian delegation led the fight to defeat a Japanese-sponsored racial-equality amendment to the League of Nations Covenant.
Although the act has never been repealed, the policy became less stringent from about on, first under Liberal governments and also more markedly under Labor from to Between and the number of persons in Australia of non-European descent more than doubled.
By the early 21st century about two-fifths of Australian immigrants were Asian. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Immigration policy prior to Federation Gold Rush Era.
Abolition of the White Australia Policy. Although the Immigration Restriction Act was repealed by the Migration Act , which saw the end of the application of the dictation test, this didn’t actually signify the end of the White Australia timberdesignmag.com Migration Act was the first immigration law that made all potential migrants “subject to the same rules and restrictions with. In , 20% of people living in Australia were of European background, with "clean" skin, and with British laws and customs. The government wanted to keep Australia this way. This had an influence on the type of people living in Australia. In , many Australians claimed to have fathers from Europe. The 'White Australia' policy describes Australia's approach to immigration from federation until the latter part of the 20th century, which favoured applicants from certain countries. The abolition of the policy took place over a period of 25 years.
The discovery of gold in Australia in led to an influx of immigrants from all around the world. The colony of New South Wales had a population of just , in , but the huge influx of settlers spurred by the gold rushes transformed the Australian colonies economically, politically and demographically.
Abolition of the 'White Australia' Policy The 'White Australia' policy describes Australia's approach to immigration from federation until the latter part of the 20th century, which favoured applicants from certain countries.
The abolition of the policy took place over a period of 25 years. The White Australia Policy (WAP) was a policy that was introduced in by the newly federated government. It was officially known as the Immigration Restrictions Act and the Pacific Island Labourers Act The History of the White Australia Policy.
The beginnings of the White Australia Policy can be found in the 's in Australia. As the number of British prisoners declined in Australia, Australia was forced to import the labor needed to work in its mines because the declining number of prisoners.
Only, instead of importing people from Europe, Australia brought in people from China and the Pacific Islands. A migration review in led to the most significant step towards the abolition of the White Australia policy.
Under the Migration Act , introduced by the Holt Government and given bipartisan support in Parliament, all potential migrants were subject to the same rules and restrictions with regard to acquiring visas, and were eligible to become Australian citizens after the same waiting period of five years.
Abolition of the 'White Australia' Policy The 'White Australia' policy describes Australia's approach to immigration from federation until the latter part of the 20th century, which favoured applicants from certain countries. The abolition of the policy took place over a period of 25 years.