The Viet Minh victory at Dien Bien Phu signaled the end of French colonial influence in Indochina and cleared the way for the division of Vietnam along the 17th parallel at the conference of Geneva.
Nearly 7, French soldiers eventually lost their lives in a "sitting target" battle between November 20,and May 7,with the final, decisive siege beginning on March Background The French presence in Indochina began when Roman Catholic missionaries arrived in the early- to mids.
After Emperor Napoleon III heard that some of the missionaries had been killed, he sent an expedition to avenge the murders.
Through a series of treaties beginning in the mid- to late s, France began a colonization of Vietnam. ByFrance had set up protectorates, first in Cambodia and then in Laos When France surrendered to Germany inthe Japanese arrived in an attempt to sway Vietnamese leadership toward sympathizing with Japan.
At the end of World War IIBritish forces eliminated the remaining Japanese influence in the southern portion of the country. The French persuaded leaders from Laos and Cambodia to declare themselves as self-governing and joined the French Union.
Despite trying to work out their differences, France and the Viet Minh failed to reach an agreement, and war between the two factions broke out in December France and the communists clashed during frequent, guerrilla-style skirmishes, which the French had difficulty defending or retaliating against, until Prelude to the end On March 13th,as both sides ostensibly readied for peace talks, the French selected Dien Bien Phu, a village in northwestern Vietnam, near the Chinese and Laotion borders, as the place for a showdown with the Viet Minh.
The French built a large airstrip with fortifications, called firebases, on eight hills named after French General Henri Navarre's former mistresses. Troops numbered between 13, and 16, Firebases were overrun, and a constant shelling of the French ensued.
Viet Minh forces destroyed the airstrip and forced resupply planes to a higher altitude, affecting the accuracy of the resupply effort to such an extent that food, ammunition, and vital intelligence information often landed in areas controlled by the Viet Minh.
Compounding the difficulties for the French were the monsoon rains pelting the area. France was engaged in a task beyond her strength, indeed, beyond the strength of any external power unless it was acting in support of the dominant local will and purpose.The Battle of Dien Bien Phu is seen as the decisive battle of the First Indochina War between French troops and the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam), a nationalist, pro-Soviet Union movement of Ho Chi Minh.
Dien Bien Phu was effectively at the bottom of a valley and Giap’s men controlled all the surrounding area. Giap had time to dig in and camouflage where his artillery was. When the battle at Dien Bien Phu began, the French artillery commander committed suicide as a result of his inability to hit Giap’s artillery.
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was the final, defining conflict of the First Indochinese War, and led to the Geneva Accords, which divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel into communist North Vietnam and pro-west South Vietnam. Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the decisive engagement in the First Indochina War (–54).
It consisted of a struggle between French and Viet Minh (Vietnamese Communist and nationalist) forces for control of a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border near Laos. The Viet Minh victory in this battle effectively ended the eight-year-old war. Mar 04, · An American reporter finds himself in the middle of the day battle of Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam between the French army and the Vietminh, which finally resulted in the defeat and surrender of the French forces and France's eventual withdrawal from Vietnam.
Written by [email protected](). Oct 27, · Watch video · The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was the decisive engagement in the first Indochina War (–54).