Like so many of the other steppe empires, it originated in the grasslands and mountain pastures of Mongolia or Western Manchuria. The Mongols initially followed the pattern of earlier nomadic confederations such as the Xiongnu, who had engaged in mutually beneficial exchange with their sedentary neighbors, the Han, and controlled the trade of the silk routes. Unlike the Xiongnu, however, the Mongols would conquer most of the major sedentary centers producing the goods traded across Eurasia.
It was established by Kublai Khan, leader of the vast Mongol Empire, and fell into internal rebellion after it lost touch with its Mongol roots. The Yuan Dynasty, ruled by Kublai fromwas the first foreign-led dynasty in ancient China. The traditional Han ethnic people stayed at the bottom among the four-class system during the reign of the Mongols.
This gave them a base of manpower, horses, technology, and experience to finish the conquest of the fierce Jin army and then to go on and conquer the Dali empire and the Song empire.
Trade on the Silk Road trade routes through the Hexi Corridor enriched the Mongol rulers and gave them power.
Their control of this land passage allowed their troops to quickly move east or west as conflicts arose. Ogedei Khan Ruled — Genghis Khan died in and had named his son, Ogedei, to be the next emperor.
Ogedei was said to rulethe whole Mongol empire from tobut he concentrated his efforts in the eastern part of it.
Inhe invaded the Jin empire in alliance with the Song empire. Jin was defeated in FromOgedei started a campaign with the Song Dynasty.
He had a comparatively long rule and reformed the empire to increase his power and make the empire prosper. Inhe captured the Dali Kingdom in Yunnan Province. InKublai campaigned against the Southern Song Dynasty. InKublai took the throne after his elder brother, Mongke, died.
When he heard that his elder brother, who was the Great Khan Mongke, had died, he and another brother went to war. Both of them wanted to be the Khan. They fought a series of battles and Kublai won. This caused a division in the Mongol Empire. However, another brother of Kublai Khan who ruled the Ilkhanate far in the west paid homage to Kublai, but he was essentially independent of him.
Kublai lost his direct control of these big Mongol regions in the west. Hence, the eastern part of the empire became a base of power in the year To rule his empire, he utilized the government structure he found established in the Jin and Song empires but he replaced the officials with foreigners.
Kublai sent large armies against the Song people in the s. However, two young brothers of the captured Song emperor escaped and went south.
Inthe Song Dynasty court fled to Quanzhou. They were attacked there by a rich Muslim merchant. They fled again to Hong Kong and the court attempted to make a stand there inbut they were soundly defeated by the Mongols. The last emperor died there at the age of 9 in This was a big innovation in the banking and monetary system.
Paper currency had been issued and used during the Song Dynasty era but the Yuan empire was the first dynasty in the world to use paper currency as the predominant circulating medium.
The advantage of paper money was that a large sum of coins was more difficult to carry and use. Inhe sent between and ships to conquer Japan for the first time.Mongol Compare and Contrast Essay.
In the 13th and 14th century in the Eurasia region, a group known as the Mongols where conquering many lands, and with that came great economic and political shifts.
Compare And Contrast The Yuan To The Golden Horde Mongol Compare and Contrast Essay. In the 13th and 14th century in the Eurasia region, a group known as the Mongols where conquering many lands, and with that came great economic and political shifts. Both the Yuan and the Il-Khan were militaristic and conquered land, which led to a tribute-based economy.
The Yuan maintained a stable bureaucracy, whereas the Il-Khan had many economic troubles. The two khanates were developed upon similar economic and political foundations. Both lived as pastoral nomadic peoples. Mongol Empire. STUDY. PLAY. Ogodei Khan. paragragh 1 Compare and Contrast.
GOlden horde which Rubrik describer as a cold, infetitil waste land China was Yuan greatly fertile and rich lands Yuan officaly lead Dynasty while GOlden Horde was subseviant but sebperate. The Yuan influence seemed to have increased in the Golden Horde as some of Toqta's coins carried 'Phags-pa script in addition to Mongolian script and Persian characters.
 The Bulgarian Empire was still tributary to the Mongols in Compare And Contrast The Yuan To The Golden Horde. Mongol Compare and Contrast Essay.
In the 13th and 14th century in the Eurasia region, a group known as the Mongols where conquering many lands, and with that came great economic and political shifts. However, with these changes came new diseases, death, and total devastation of land, especially fields.