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History has been made and we will all have to live with the consequences, whatever they may be. The image of the EU as a kind of Hotel California from which no country, having entered, could ever hope to leave has been decisively shattered. Whether we like it or not, the game of European integration has changed forever and what was once considered unthinkable may be reevaluated, with the benefit of hindsight, as having been inevitable.
Just as we witnessed in the decades following the end of the Cold War, the late 19th and early 20th centuries were characterized by the hubristic pursuit of a global, free-market economy.
Just Essays democratic deficit eu speculative finance capitalism brought about the Great Depression of the s, the same spread of uncontrolled transnational financialization of the economy in the closing decades of the 20th Century delivered us the meltdown of and the interregnum in which we have been living since.
The idea that any country could simply unilaterally toss out the gold standard altogether and pursue its own independent economic and financial policy was unthinkable across the political spectrum — right up until it suddenly became reality.
Once the German Reich under Hitler had done the unthinkable, every other country rapidly followed suit, creating a new, terrifying era of militarised, economically nationalist states that would lead the world into a second world war. The current situation is not quite as dire as that of the s.
The s were a tragedy which has much weaker echoes in the farce facing the EU today. We may not be dealing with s-style full-regalia fascism just yet but the decision by just over half of the UK citizenry to turn their back on European integration needs to be understood as a major wake-up call, particularly for the social democratic parties.
Neo-liberal globalisation has, directly and indirectly, created the fear and sense of insecurity that the right-wing populists have fed on.
Sadly, social democrats, who ought to have seized the moment, right back when the crisis broke, to push for a new deal for European societies and a meaningful alternative to austerity and technocratic governance a problem every bit as relevant to national governments and economies as to the institutions of the EU have proven largely incapable of responding adequately to the very legitimate fears of ordinary people.
Social democracy apparently suffers from the same popular perception of being an out-of-touch elite as the EU itself. Social democrats have overwhelmingly been active partisans of European integration.
Unfortunately, many of the arguments advanced by the Left in favour of the EU have fallen on deaf ears. This is not difficult to understand when the recent behavior of the EU is examined.
The Guardian - Back to home. How to reduce the EU's democratic deficit But the perception of a democratic deficit is a growing problem for . The Dark Enlightenment – Part 1 The Dark Enlightenment – Part 2 The Dark Enlightenment – Part 3 The Dark Enlightenment – Part 4 The Dark Enlightenment – Part 4a The Dark Enlightenment – Part 4b The Dark Enlightenment – Part 4c The Dark Enlightenment – Part 4d The Dark Enlightenment – Part 4e The Dark Enlightenment – Part 4f(inal) Part 1: Neo-reactionaries head for the exit. Oct 19, · Essays in assamese language >>> click to continue Essays democratic deficit eu Are we losing the ability or willingness to think and memorise? book saying that we are becoming too dependent on computers, he wrote i.
Moreover, given the EU handling of Greece, it is not at all difficult to portray the EU as a heartless, technocratic organ which favours the interests of its strongest members and disrespects the democratic wishes of its weaker members.
Things may, in reality, not be so simple, but politics runs as much, if not more, on emotions and perceptions than on logic and dispassionate reasoning. The argument for Social Europe, to be meaningful at all, needs to be based on a serious democratic reform of the EU itself.
Similar visions have been proposed by organisations such as Compass in the UK. The lack of any meaningful support for radical reform of the EU from the social democratic parties, much less any effort at organizing on this basis, has meant that social democracy is simply following rather than leading the public debate.
The arguments, which are dividing social democrats themselves, turn on whether it would be better to embrace populist euroscepticism as a rejection of neo-liberalism or defend membership on the basis that, in the long run, this strategy will eventually deliver progressive outcomes.
As he points out, the arguments around Brexit have obscured this underlying element. If the Left is to have any impact on the discussion it needs to make this case, otherwise we will remain ineffectually trapped between Eurosceptic populists on one side and neo-liberal technocrats on the other.
For one thing, although globalisation is not the apolitical, inevitable, evolutionary process it has been claimed to be, it has become a reality that must be taken seriously.
Although the EU as it stands is no shield against neo-liberalism, this only highlights the urgent need for a campaign from the Left to reform it. The ability of a union combining the strength of 28 soon to be 27 nations to implement measures to restrain the power of capital is clearly much greater than that of 28 individual states, all with varying degrees of prosperity and quite different economic profiles.
This cannot be an elite process to be carried out on behalf of European citizens but without their involvement. The era of neo-functionalism is well and truly over.
Before social democrats can seriously talk of reforming Europe, we need also to be talking about reforming social democracy itself.Free french papers, essays, and research papers.
Causes and Effects of The French Revolution - The French Revolution was a time of great social, political and economic tumult in the closing years of the Eighteenth Century. The democratic deficit is a theory developed by scholars in order to illustrate that the European Union and its institutional bodies suffer from a .
Free Essay: Is there a democratic deficit at the heart of the EU? Many Conservative and UKIP politicians as well as supporters of these two parties would.
In the research of this particular assignment the author has discovered that there is credence to the argument of ‘democratic deficit’, when one examines the democratic origins of the various bodies involved in the policy making process of the EU at present.
Latest opinion, analysis and discussion from the Guardian. CP Scott: "Comment is free, but facts are sacred". Supporters of the `democratic deficit` argument, argue that the European Parliament, as the only elected and democratic element of the European Community, should exert more power over the legislative process and that the current situation means that the legislative process is controlled by the non-elected Council.