Once World War II and rationing ended, a new availability of different types of fabrics and larger quantities of these fabrics allowed a new type of fashion to bloom during the fifties, especially in the United States.
The Culture of the s During the s, a sense of uniformity pervaded American society.
Conformity was common, as young and old alike followed group norms rather than striking out on their own.
Though men and women had been forced into new employment patterns during World War II, once the war was over, traditional roles were reaffirmed. Men expected to be the breadwinners; women, even when they worked, assumed their proper place was at home.
Sociologist David Riesman observed the importance of peer-group expectations in his influential book, The Lonely Crowd.
He called this new society "other-directed," and maintained that such societies lead to stability as well as conformity. Television contributed to the homogenizing trend by providing young and old with a shared experience reflecting accepted social patterns.
But not all Americans conformed to such cultural norms.
A number of writers, members of the so-called "beat generation," rebelled against conventional values. Stressing spontaneity and spirituality, they asserted intuition over reason, Eastern mysticism over Western institutionalized religion. The "beats" went out of their way to challenge the patterns of respectability and shock the rest of the culture.
Their literary work displayed their sense of freedom. Jack Kerouac typed his best-selling novel On the Road on a meter roll of paper. Lacking accepted punctuation and paragraph structure, the book glorified the possibilities of the free life.
Poet Allen Ginsberg gained similar notoriety for his poem "Howl," a scathing critique of modern, mechanized civilization.
When police charged that it was obscene and seized the published version, Ginsberg won national acclaim with a successful court challenge. Musicians and artists rebelled as well. Tennessee singer Elvis Presley popularized black music in the form of rock and roll, and shocked more staid Americans with his ducktail haircut and undulating hips.
In addition, Elvis and other rock and roll singers demonstrated that there was a white audience for black music, thus testifying to the increasing integration of American culture.
Painters like Jackson Pollock discarded easels and laid out gigantic canvases on the floor, then applied paint, sand and other materials in wild splashes of color.
All of these artists and authors, whatever the medium, provided models for the wider and more deeply felt social revolution of the s.The s is often viewed as a period of conformity, when both men and women observed strict gender roles and complied with society’s expectations.
Beat movement: Beat movement, American social and literary movement originating in the s and centred in the bohemian artist communities of San Francisco’s North Beach, Los Angeles’ Venice West, and New York City’s Greenwich Village.
Its adherents, self-styled as “beat” (originally meaning “weary,” but later. Culture of Japan - history, people, traditions, women, beliefs, food, family, social, marriage Ja-Ma. Masculinity, Gender Roles, and T.V.
Shows from the s. The s nuclear family emerged in the post WWII era, as Americans faced the imminent threat of destruction from their Cold War enemies. The United States in the s experienced marked economic growth – with an increase in manufacturing and home construction amongst a post–World War II economic timberdesignmag.com Cold War and its associated conflicts helped create a politically conservative climate in the country, as the quasi-confrontation intensified throughout .
Walter Cronkite. In the s, Cronkite helped invent the role of the anchorman. Over the course of the s, he established himself as a .