Nok sculpture, terracotta The Nok civilisation of Northern Nigeria flourished between BC and ADproducing life-sized terracotta figures that are some of the earliest known sculptures in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in Nri and Aguleriwhere the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan. Members of the clan trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri.
Early history[ edit ] The first settlement in the Enugu area was the small Nike village of Ogui, which was present since the era of the Atlantic Slave Trade. The Nike used slaves for a defence strategy, placing slave camps at the edge of their territories so that it was harder for an enemy to access the free born.
The Hausa traders provided horses to the Nike which were used for rituals by the Igbo. Both the Aro and Hausa migrated back and forth to what is now the city of Enugu and were considered foreigners to the area.
Colonial Nigeria The Iva Valley coal mine A British campaign to invade Arochukwu and open up the hinterland for British military and political rule was carried out in A war between the British and Aro officially started on 1 December lasting till 24 March when the Aro were defeated.
By coal was found under the village of Enugwu Ngwo  in the Udi and Okoga areas and by the coal was confirmed to be in quantities that would be viable commercially. The first houses built in the area were in a temporary settlement consisting of Igbo traditional mud housing inhabited by a W.
Leck and some other Europeans on Milliken Hill. Another settlement known as Ugwu Alfred Igbo: Alfred's Hill or "Alfred's Camp", inhabited by an Alfred Inoma a leader of indigenous labourers from Onitsha and his labourers, was located on a hillside. The area now known as the Government Reserved Area GRA became the European Quarters located north of the Ogbete River; alongside this was a section developed for African residents located south of the river.
The built-up area of Enugu comprised these two areas, and by the city officially gained township status. On the African side of the city a rapid influx of migrant workers sparked the development of squatter camps on the Udi Hills near the coal mines and the Iva Valley.
The number of employed coal miners in Enugu grew from 6, of mostly Udi men in to 8, in Enugu's population rose sharply with its industrialisation; the population of the city reached 62, in The massacre that came to be known as "The Iva Valley Shooting"  fuelled nationalist or "Zikist" sentiments among most Nigerians, and especially amongst Eastern Nigerians.
The shooting was right after a period of unrest when miners were angered by the belief that their full pay was being held back by the colliery management, a belief that was pushed by the nationalist press. Many of the Zikists tried to use the Iva Valley shooting to fuel their nationalistic agenda and push the British imperial administration, out of Nigeria.
Radio Biafraalternatively the Voice of Biafra formerly the Eastern Nigerian Broadcasting Servicewas based in Enugu;  it was from here that the Biafran leader, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwubroadcast speeches and propaganda to Biafrans and Nigeria.Things Fall Apart is a English-language novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe.
It is a staple book in schools throughout Africa and widely read and studied in . Prospero's Relationship with Caliban and Colonialism in "The Tempest" - The relationship between Prospero and Caliban is a perfect demonstration of the dependence relationship between a coloniser and the native of whichever colony he set his eye upon.
The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria (/ n aɪ ˈ dʒ ɪər i ə / (listen)), is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the southeast, and Benin in the west.
Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic timberdesignmag.com federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory.
Were the African People Partially Responsible for Colonialism? - “The condition of the native is a nervous condition introduced and maintained by the settler among the colonized people with their consent.”.
Olodumare or Olorun as the supreme, self-existing deity. According to author Bolasi E. Idowu: "He is supreme over all on earth and in heaven, acknowledged by all the divinities as the Head to whom all authority belongs and all allegiance is due.
The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria (/ n aɪ ˈ dʒ ɪər i ə / (listen)), is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic timberdesignmag.com comprises 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located.