The invention of writing and alphabet in cursive

Dipylon inscription Most specialists believe that the Phoenician alphabet was adopted for Greek during the early 8th century BC, perhaps in Euboea. Tradition recounts that a daughter of a certain Agamemnon, king of Aeolian Cymemarried a Phrygian king called Midas. Naveh for the 11th century BC, Stieglitz for the 14th century, Bernal for the 18th—13th century, some for the 9th, but none of these are widely accepted.

The invention of writing and alphabet in cursive

William Shakespeare 's will, written in secretary hand [6] Cursive writing was used in English before the Norman conquest. Anglo-Saxon Charters typically include a boundary clause written in Old English in a cursive script. A cursive handwriting style— secretary hand —was widely used for both personal correspondence and official documents in England from early in the 16th century.

Theories of the origin of the alphabet

Cursive handwriting developed into something approximating its current form from the 17th century, but its use was neither uniform, nor standardized either in England itself or elsewhere in the British Empire. In the English colonies of the early 17th century, most of the letters are clearly separated in the handwriting of William Bradfordthough a few were joined as in a cursive hand.

In England itself, Edward Cocker had begun to introduce a version of the French ronde style, which was then further developed and popularized throughout the British Empire in the 17th and 18th centuries as round hand by John Ayers and William Banson.

However, a few days later, Timothy Matlack professionally re-wrote the presentation copy of the Declaration in a fully joined, cursive hand.

Eighty-seven years later, in the middle of the 19th century, Abraham Lincoln drafted the Gettysburg Address in a cursive hand that would not look out of place today.

Note that not all such cursive, then or now, joined all of the letters within a word. Cursive handwriting from the 19th-century USA. In both the British Empire and the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries, before the typewriter, professionals used cursive for their correspondence.

This was called a "fair hand", meaning it looked good, and firms trained their clerks to write in exactly the same script. In the early days[ when? In the midth century, most children were taught the contemporary cursive; in the United States, this usually occurred in second or third grade around ages seven to nine.

Few simplifications appeared as the middle of the 20th century approached. It was motivated by the claim that cursive instruction was more difficult than it needed to be: Because of this, a number of various new forms of cursive italic appeared, including Getty-Dubayand Barchowsky Fluent Handwriting.

In the 21st century, some of the surviving cursive writing styles are SpencerianPalmer MethodD'Nealianand Zaner-Bloser script.

the invention of writing and alphabet in cursive

See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. One of the earliest forms of new technology that caused the decline of handwriting was the invention of the ballpoint penpatented in by John Loud.

With their design, it was guaranteed that the ink would not smudge, as it would with the earlier design of pen, and it no longer required the careful penmanship one would use with the older design of pen. After World War II, the ballpoint pen was mass-produced and sold for a cheap price, changing the way people wrote.

Over time the emphasis of using the style of cursive to write slowly declined[ quantify ], only to be later impacted by other technologies such as the phone, computer, and keyboard. The Fairfax Education Association, the largest teachers' union in Fairfax County, Virginia, has called cursive a "dying art".

Many consider cursive too tedious to learn and believe that it is not a useful skill. Only 12 percent of teachers reported having taken a course in how to teach it.Oct 03,  · This was the invention of a consonantal writing system known as North Semitic.

The second was the invention, by the Greeks, of characters for representing vowels.

Who can edit:

A cursive style reached its climax in the inscriptions at Tel Lakhish, the invention of the alphabet is probably the greatest. While pre-alphabetic systems of.

Jun 04,  · Many of Sumer's neighbors adopted this invention and helped it spread throughout the region, though completely different writing systems developed . Cursive (also known as script or longhand, among other names) is any style of penmanship in which some characters are written joined together in a flowing manner, generally for the purpose of making writing faster.

Formal cursive is generally joined, but casual cursive is a combination of joins and pen lifts. The writing style can be further . The history of handwriting, how cursive and italic handwriting developed, and how the historical methods relate to the Barchowsky Fluent Hand method of teaching and learning handwriting.

Find great deals on eBay for alphabet inventions. Shop with confidence. Old Roman cursive, also called majuscule cursive and capitalis cursive, was the everyday form of handwriting used for writing letters, by merchants writing business accounts, by schoolchildren learning the Latin alphabet, and even by emperors issuing commands.

Who Invented the Alphabet? | Wonderopolis